Europe Feels the Squeeze as Tech Competition Heats Up Between U.S. and China »

One cause Brussels dangers falling behind is that safety stays the accountability of particular person member nations, not one ceded to the European Union, Ms. Schaake mentioned.

“TikTok confronts Europe with the weaknesses of its digital and national security policies,” she mentioned. “Europe is naïve about certain of the technologies coming from China and the United States, and just says that anyone doing business in Europe has to respect our rights and regulations.”

After months of debate, some European leaders are coming round to views nearer to these held in Washington, the place President Trump has moved to try to force the sale of TikTok’s U.S. operations to an American firm, charging that the firm’s Chinese ties current a nationwide safety risk.

It has used the identical argument in opposition to Huawei, the telecommunications giant, although each firms deny any express hyperlink to the Chinese authorities.

In Europe, the American viewpoint on Huawei, backed by the risk of secondary sanctions, has gained floor, most lately in Britain, the place a ban was adopted in July.

But most Europeans principally nonetheless see TikTok not as a safety risk, however as a threat to privateness. Even if the White House-orchestrated TikTok sale goes by means of, the European operations will stay beneath the possession of the Chinese guardian firm, ByteDance.

TikTok makes use of each facial recognition and synthetic intelligence, necessary applied sciences that aren’t regulated by the United States or the European Union. “With the combination of competition, artificial intelligence and security, it makes sense why some policymakers are concerned,” mentioned Andreas Aktoudianakis, a digital coverage analyst with the European Policy Center, a analysis establishment in Brussels.

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