Are you searching on the Internet to understand the meaning of medical terms related to blood tests? If so, then you may be stuck decoding some scientific terms. To get literate in knowing more about private blood test results. This blog post is a detailed guide of technical terms that give you a better knowledge. How to organize and present information about a blood test report. So that blood work can be interpreted with full confidence.
Why blood work results are important
It is necessary to think of your blood as an oxygen delivery system as well as a waste removal method. Some organs of the body such as your kidneys, spleen, lungs and liver usually act in the form of processing station. The normal value on the laboratory report denotes healthy organ function and completely operational systems.
Test values that are out of range are not a sign of impending illness. Normal limits can be set by examining a large group of healthy people. This range can be affected by a number of factors, including your age, medical history, weight, sex, medication, and lifestyle.
How to interpret blood test results
During the routine checkup, a blood sample is usually observed with the three tests:
- a complete blood count or CBC
- a lipid panel or profile
- a comprehensive metabolic panel or CMP
These tests provide specific results and many reports present a single column of test results under the “Test Name.” It is necessary to determine the relation of the test results for understanding laboratory reports in a better way. Go through the descriptions of three tests and the results that have been listed below:
Complete blood count or CBC
The Complete Blood Count calculates necessary elements of blood which are red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells. It measures hemoglobin, oxygen-carrying protein, and detects the ratio of red blood cells to plasma or fluid. The results of private blood tests enable the doctor to detect allergies or infections and then diagnose probable diseases such as leukemia and anemia.
White blood cell or WBC count
White blood cells or leukocytes are a vital component of immune system of your body. If you are suffering from some allergies or infection, then the body will produce more white blood cells. WBC count might even give indications about your heart health. According to the study, a higher WBC count had been a predictor of heart disease as well as stroke, for the smokers.
Red blood cell or RBC count
Red blood cells are usually the next on your report as they produce oxygen to the tissues all through your body. The higher RBC counts may lead to kidney problems, heart condition or dehydration. On the other hand, low RBC counts can denote anemia, bone marrow damage, kidney problems or nutritional deficiencies.
A high RBC will indicate fatty liver disease where the fat accumulates and damages your liver. It might be a warning sign for people who have type 2diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol as these conditions are linked to fatty liver disease.
Hematocrit, hemoglobin and more
The test results are generally found below the RBC section as they examine the health condition and function of red blood cells. Hemoglobin is the protein present in red blood cells that transmits oxygen and helps the doctor to know if your tissues and organs are getting sufficient oxygen. The results of hematocrit show blood volume that is absorbed by red blood cells. Low hematocrit may indicate loss of blood, deficiency in vitamin or anemia. A spike might occur due to dehydration, heart or liver disease.
Blood cells are commonly called corpuscles. Physical value calculates the size of red blood cells. If there is a deficiency of Vitamin B-12 or anemia, then this might cause abnormal-size RBCs. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin measures the average amount of hemoglobin in the RBCs. This usually means corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. Measures the average percentage of hemoglobin in RBC.
Platelets and mean platelet value or MPV
The two tests appear one after the other next. Platelets are the fragments of blood cells that help wounds to heal quickly and avoid excessive bleeding with the formation of clots. The low platelet count which is less than 150,000 platelets per microliter (mcL) denotes some risks for too much bleeding, while a high count of 400,000 or more indicates risk for blood clots.
The mean platelet value test calculates the amount of platelets on an average. This can diagnose bleeding and bone marrow disorders that give some indications to inflammatory diseases such as – lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis and cardiovascular disease.
Kinds of white blood cells
There are five kinds of white blood cells and these are – basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes. They appear below the list of red blood cell results.
Detecting the health of these cells can help in detecting allergies and infections. For example, neutrophils are just like EMTs of the blood. These immune cells are among the first to appear at the infection site. Another kind of immune cell is Basophils that consist of small particles with enzymes and are released at the time of asthma as well as allergic reactions.
Comprehensive metabolic panel or CMP
The group of tests to be performed provides a wide picture of chemical balance and metabolism of your body. In other words, “metabolism” refers to physical as well as chemical processes in the body that may use or convert energy for breathing and controlling body temperature.
The CMP gives information related to electrolytes, minerals in the blood that affect amount of water in your body, muscle function and acidity of blood. Common CMP tests include – phosphorous, calcium, potassium, chloride, magnesium and sodium.
Albumin, bilirubin and creatinine
The CMP calculates different substances such as albumin, creatinine, and bilirubin. Bilirubin occurs when hemoglobin is broken down in the body. It is usually found in the blood and leaves which can indicate jaundice. Albumin is the major protein of blood plasma which is a yellowish fluid part of blood that carries blood cells. Lower levels of albumin may denote inflammation, malnutrition, kidney, and liver diseases.
Creatinine is the chemical waste product of creatine that supplies energy to your muscles. This is a popular supplement as it can do away with your weight-lifting goals. Since your kidneys remove creatinine, the increased levels might indicate poor functioning of the kidney.
Fasting glucose test
Another part of CMP is a fasting glucose test that requires you do not eat anything for at least 8 hours beforehand. Glucose is the main energy source of your body and if the level is abnormal, then this might be an indication of diabetes.
Glucose is the sugar that makes carbohydrates in your body. So that Stack O’s pancakes affect test results.
The Human body breaks down lipids and then uses them for energy. Lipid panel tests are said to be a combination of two types of fat in the blood. Which are cholesterol and triglycerides?
Triglycerides are one of the major kinds of fat that get produced in your liver. If you want to know what can affect the triglyceride level, then try to line up with dietary suspects such as – alcohol, fat, and sugar. But triglyceride levels might be high due to liver disease, thyroid problems, or other genetic conditions. There are two kinds of cholesterol: HDL and LDL.
HDL denotes “high-density lipoprotein” which is the fat taking additional cholesterol from the blood to liver for removal. This is known as “good” cholesterol. Because higher levels are associated with a lower risk of heart disease. LDL indicates “low-density lipoprotein that sends cholesterol to other body parts for repairing the cells. However, it may accumulate on the inside of arteries and so, it is known as “bad” cholesterol.
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High levels of LDL cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. Which includes coronary artery disease. It is important to maintain a sufficient amount of triglycerides and a proper balance of good as well as bad cholesterol for a healthy lifestyle.
High triglyceride levels are associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease and coronary heart disease. As per the research, the ratio of triglycerides to HDL cholesterol might be a bit problematic too.
The results of your private bone profile blood test will be are sent to you via mail. Having an informed patient is a vital part of building a strong relationship between the doctor and the patient.
With a thorough understanding of the terms and objectives of the blood test, you will become an active participant in your healthcare and better custodian of your overall condition.